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XML: Strategic Analysis of XML for Web Application Development

Pages: 174
ISBN: 1-56607-082-1
Published: March 2000


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About the report

New from CTR

XML: Strategic Analysis of XML for Web Application Development, a new report from CTR, addresses extensible markup language (XML). Although it is a new technology, like many other advances on the Web, XML will soon be as commonplace as Java or hypertext markup language (HTML).

The Web is a catalyst for the remarkable speed of change in business and in information technology (IT). Innovations are introduced to millions of users nearly overnight and this user population quickly accepts or rejects new ideas. This immediate success or failure results in a rapid evolution of capabilities.

Although the Internet had been in use for more than 20 years, the simplicity and flexibility of HTML delivered the functionality to businesses and the general public.

What Is XML?

According to Dr. Charles Goldfarb, one of the creators of standard generalized markup language (SGML), XML is to HTML like a database is to a word processor. A word processor configures the appearance of a document, but a database manages the content and context of data.

The core of XML is the document type description (DTD). The DTD defines how a browser should process text or other elements in a document. Typically, the DTD relates element definitions to tags and actions. The user inserts tags into the document where the desired actions are to occur.

XML versus HTML

The report discusses how the difference between XML and HTML is one of generality. HTML is the more specific markup language, providing tags that indicate how a Web browser should display the text and other elements of a Web page. By contrast, XML is not a markup language. It is the general language used to create a specific markup language.

CTR's new XML: Strategic Analysis of XML for Web Application Development report, discusses the previous releases of HTML and Web browsers to improve capabilities for the global delivery of information. Customized applications still require detailed and expensive technical knowledge, however. XML can deliver these customized applications without requiring technical expertise.

XML and the Future of Technology

XML will revolutionize how information is accessed across the Web and within a corporation. It can provide the necessary indexing functionality to filter vast quantities of information, thereby improving the intelligence and usefulness of existing and future search engines. As XML matures, organizations will have to decide not when or if to use the technology-but how to use it and where to implement it.

CTR's XML: Strategic Analysis of XML for Web Application Development report is an invaluable tool for organizations that want to capitalize on XML's ability to create new applications for increased production of information and knowledge on a worldwide scale.


Report contents

Executive Summary

  • What Is a Markup Language?
  • Why Was XML Created?
  • How Does XML Compare with SGML and HTML?
  • What Are the Primary Features of the XML Toolbox?
  • What Companies Are Developing XML Applications?
  • What Are Some of the Risks of XML
  • Industry Standards Organizations
  • How Does an Executive Leverage XML to Improve the Bottom Line?

The History of XML

  • What Is SGML?
  • The Problem with HTML
  • Why Not Use SGML Instead of HTML?
  • Will XML Replace HTML and SGML?
  • How Was XML Designed?
  • What Is an XML Document?
  • What Is a DTD?
  • What Are the Components of the XML Toolkit?
  • Client-Side Processing
  • What Are the Risks of XML?

XML DTDs

  • What Is the Function of a DTD?
  • DTDs Define Rules
  • DTDs Define the Metadata
  • Metadata
  • Writing a DTD
  • DTDs Define Applications
  • What Is a Schema?
  • Creating a Document from a DTD
  • The Meaning of DTD Data Elements
  • DTD Standards Debate
  • Why Use a DTD
  • Well-Formed and Valid
  • DTD Advantages
  • Where are the DTD Standards?

XML Documents

  • What Is an XML Document?
  • Human and Machine Readable
  • What Does an XML Document Look Like?
  • XML Document Rules
  • What Are the Components of an XML Document?
  • The XML Prolog
  • HTML-Style Text
  • Plain Text
  • Data Identification
  • Reusability
  • Conventional Data Processing
  • Document-driven Programming

XML Applications

  • E-commerce
  • Business-to-Business (B2B) E-commerce
  • Competitive Intelligence
  • The Illusion of the Paperless Office
  • Data Mining
  • Development Tools
  • Visual XML
  • Web Automation Toolkit
  • XML Developer's Toolkit (XDK)
  • XML Viewer Applet
  • Markup Language Links
  • Wireless Computing

XML Parsers and Browsers

  • What Is an XML Parser?
  • XML Processors versus Parsers
  • Why Choose an XML Processor over a Parser?
  • SAX and DOM
  • How Are XML Browsers Different from HTML Browsers?
  • Parsing Perspective Differences between XML and HTML Data
  • Universal Data Interchange Format
  • Parsers and Browsers Online
  • Validating and Non-validating Parsers

XML Implementation Strategy

  • Focusing on the Audience
  • Exploiting XML Strategically
  • Creating New Business Assumptions and Opportunities
  • Planning for Total Customer Delight
  • Exploring Customer-motivated Innovation
  • The Value Proposition
  • The Profit Model

Risks: Corporate and Interoperability

  • Immature Resources
  • Security Risks
  • Legal Issues
  • Underestimating Costs and Resources
  • Conventional Operating Models
  • Technical Resources
  • Interoperability Risks
  • Migration from HTML
  • DTD Standards in Flux
  • Even One Can Make a Difference

The Future of XML

  • Universal Data Format
  • XML-based Data Warehouses
  • Semantic Web
  • Corporate Backing: IBM, Oracle, Microsoft
  • Forecast for the Next Decade
  • Faster Connections
  • B2B E-Business
  • International Trade
  • Convergence
  • Distributed Resources
  • Wireless Internet
  • Ubiquitous Web Servers
  • Emerging Specifications
  • Data Processing
  • Transaction Processing
  • Not Artificial Intelligence
  • Large-Scale Knowledge Representation
  • Relational Databases

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